To make cigars, tobacco is grown all across the globe, from Poland to South Africa, from Argentina to Canada and, westbound, from Philippines to Mexico. But cigar tobaccos are mostly grown inside the intertropical areas.
Tobacco is known as a plant originally from America. Some species were identified in South Pacific. There are numerous species and varieties. Not all of them are used in smoking products. The majority are grown as ornamental plants because they are frequently blooming, showing colors from white to deep red and purple.
Here are some of the countries in which tobacco is grown, to make your cigars.
Argentina grows dark air-cured tobacco from the provinces of Misiones and Corrientes, and flue cured tobacco in the area of Salta. Misiones has also a production of Burley type. These tobaccos are mainly for Marlboro cigarettes is appreciated for short filler cigars due to the smooth taste. Argentina was once a large producer and exporter but changes in the economic and taxes policies have seriously damaged the development, making the tobacco too costly to get competitive in the international market. Consequently, production volumes have decreased.
Brazil is one from the largest world’s tobacco producers. The East Central State of Bahia is a vital cigar tobacco growing area, about 100 miles west of your state capital, Salvador da Bahia, a lively port about the Atlantic Coast. The Northern State of Alagoas hosts a production round the city of Arapiraca where maduro cigar wrappers are grown. The Southern states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina produce tobacco for cigarettes and pipe
Cameroon cigar wrappers are grown from the East area of the country. The growing area spreads on the eastern border, into the Central African Republic. Wrappers are air grown, without fertilizers and pesticides, by small farmers. The average plantation size is about one acre. The seed is originally from Sumatra, introduced from the country just after WWII. Grown first for French Monopoly needs, the tobacco was offered on the international market when production was too large just for this single use. Well appreciated by European manufacturers and large American cigars companies, Cameroon wrapper production dropped down during the late 1980s, on account of poor management. Today, quantities are small and quality might be better.
China is by far the most significant tobacco producer, with approximately 5 millions metric tons. USA follows with about 1 million metric tons. Chinese tobacco is actually a flue-cured type, not aromatic as well as a bit sharp in taste. This tobacco is just not suitable for cigars. It is actually mainly utilized for local cigarette consumption. A compact quantity is exported. Cigarette industries import the tobacco and use it like a neutral and cheap filler.
The Connecticut Valley, in the Northeast of the USA, is known for its bright yellow cigar wrapper. Due to a hot and sunny summer, the tobacco is shade grown. Whoever has flown over Hartford, CT, seated near the window, could not forget to have witnessed the enormous white acreage of land standing all over: the tobacco fields engrossed in white clothes to shield the plants from the direct sun radiation. As well as the huge barns, large like cathedrals, ready for the flue curing. Impressive!
Tobacco grows all across Cuba. Your premium cigar continues to be made, I really hope, away from pall mall cigarettes from the West province of Vuelta Abajo, where a really good material is harvested. In Central and East Cuba, the provinces of Remedios and Oriente yield tobacco that is not meant to be acceptable for what everybody calls a Havana!
Dominican Republic is really a traditional tobacco-growing country. From the 60’s, a Cuban seed was introduced as well as the resulting tobacco (Piloto Cubano) became famous as a good substitute of your Cuban tobacco that was no more capable to enter into the USA. Exiled Cubans did a great job there. Piloto Cubano is really a full bodied tobacco but, maybe, is missing some aroma. Combined with Olor dominicano type, more aromatic, Piloto Cubano helps to make the 100% dominican cigar a really decent cigar. Both Dominican types are great components for multi-origin blends.
The Eastern countries in the Mediterranean Sea are dedicated to the culture of Oriental type tobacco, which happens to be sun-cured. Greece, Turkey and Bulgaria are definitely the main producers, but Lebanon, Syria, Macedonia, and Romania can also be growing. This tobacco has tiny leaves, that are sometimes only 2 inches long. Direct sunlight curing presents them a yellowish color and sugar content. Aroma is generally rich and a small proportion of oriental tobacco inside a blend brings a great deal in the taste. This tobacco is not really utilized for long filler cigars, but only in a nutshell filler cigars and cigarettes.
Ecuador is an ideal location to grow wrappers, since it is located on the Equator! And possesses rich soils too. The elements conditions, by using a nearly permanent cloudy sky, give a natural shade, devepky47 the wrapper plants from sunshine and allowing the tobacco to cultivate thin and lightweight. Ecuador supplies Connecticut and Sumatra type wrappers to a lot of cigar factory in the world.
Honduras has produced up a good reputation for making premium cigars. The country can be a rather small tobacco producer and also the cigars are mostly made from imported leaves. However, Honduras has an excellent potential for growing tobacco, especially wrappers, and could develop into a major player in the future.
Tobacco is grown in lots of islands of the Archipelago but, so far as cigars have concerns, Sumatra and Java are those. Sumatra Wrappers are known worldwide. Central Java (Vorstenland) and East Java (Besuki) produce fillers and wrappers in abundance. Indonesia is actually a key country for cigar tobacco.
Dark air cured tobaccos are made in Mexico, mainly in Vera Cruz and Tampico provinces, around the East Coast across the Golf. Additionally there is some production in Yucatan. Previously a state-owned operation, it really is now handled by private individuals and cooperatives. Mexican tobacco is very dark along with the best leaves can be used as maduro wrappers. In San Andres de Tuxtla (Vera Cruz), there exists a fascinating manufacturing of Sumatra seed wrappers.
In Philippines, tobacco growing is concentrated inside the Northern portion of the main island of Luzon. Traditionally, dark tobacco for cigars was grown and Philippines’ cigars were very famous, within the powerful Compania General de Tabaccos de Filipinas. They probably declined since they were too mild. Today, Philippines still grows dark tobacco and has designed a creation of flue-cured tobacco for Benson & Hedges cigarettes.
Zimbabwe is probably the top three countries for high quality flue cured tobacco (with the USA and Brazil). The embargo that hit the country, whenever it was still Rhodesia, did not hurt the development. It made the Rhodesians more inventive and so they continued producing. At this point, Zambia and Tanzania, the neighboring countries were selling a great deal! If the embargo was lifted in 1980 allowing us to deal directly, we discovered an amazing organization and equipment, the best worldwide. Tobacco was the best activity from the country and having a task in tobacco was actually a challenge for most young men. The actual Zimbabwean agrarian policy , which we won’t discuss here, will most likely strike this country off the set of tobacco producers. Cigar industry will not suffer as flue-cured tobaccos are mostly concerned. Brazil ought to be the major beneficiary of this situation.